Human Evolution Human evolution is the lengthy process of change by which people originated from apelike ancestors starting nearly five million years ago. The modern scientific study of human evolution is called paleoanthropology. A subfield of anthropology, this discipline searches for the roots of human physical traits, culture, and behavior. It attempts to answer questions: What makes us human? When and why did we begin to walk upright?
Historical Timeline 4 Million B.C.
For example, when you ask an evolutionist how they come up with the age of the sedimentary layers in the earth, they will always tell you they date them by the fossils found in those sedimentary layers. Then when you ask them how they come up with the age of the fossils, they say their age is determined by which sedimentary layer of rock they’re found in. But how can that be? How can the rocks date the layers, if the layers date the rocks?
Amino Acid Dating Introduction. Amino acid dating has an important attribute in common with Carbon 14 dating. While most other dating mechanisms date the rock surrounding fossils, both Amino Acid and Carbon 14 dating methods, date the actual fossil itself.
The Grooved Spheres 2. Giant Stone Balls of Costa Rica Workmen hacking and burning their way through the dense jungle of Costa Rica to clear an area for banana plantations in the s stumbled upon some incredible objects: They varied in size from as small as a tennis ball to an astonishing 8 feet in diameter and weighing 16 tons! Although the great stone balls are clearly man-made, it is unknown who made them, for what purpose and, most puzzling, how they achieved such spherical precision.
Impossible Fossils Fossils, as we learned in grade school, appear in rocks that were formed many thousands of years ago. A fossil of a human handprint, for example, was found in limestone estimated to be million years old. What appears to be a fossilized human finger found in the Canadian Arctic also dates back to million years ago. And what appears to be the fossil of a human footprint, possibly wearing a sandal, was found near Delta, Utah in a shale deposit estimated to be million to million years old.
Another fossilized human hand discovered in Bogota Columbia , belonging to Gutierrez collection. The rock which contains it is millions of years old. Out-of-Place Metal Objects Humans were not even around 65 million years ago, never mind people who could work metal. So then how does science explain semi-ovoid metallic tubes dug out of million-year-old Cretaceous chalk in France?
Top 10 unexplained ancient artifacts – Fact or Fiction? – World Mysteries Blog
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular. Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.
Ever notice how evolutionists will manipulate reality to try and do away with creationism? For example, when you ask an evolutionist how they come up with the age of the sedimentary layers in the earth, they will always tell you they date them by the fossils found in those sedimentary layers.
Park Lumpini Park The park is a pure escapism from the chaos of the city traffic. A perfect spot for family gatherings over lunch near one of the ponds or a romantic walk at the sunset. In December and January when the weather is cooler, free concerts and shows are organized in the park. Your best chances to catch one of them is to come on Sunday after 5. How to get there: Opening hours and admission: In the courtyard there is a small shrine containing Shiva’s Lingam phallus.
Geochronology – Nonradiometric dating | localhost:81
A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation for example, the large muscles of a weightlifter. Any heritable characteristic of an organism that improves its ability to survive and reproduce in its environment. Also used to describe the process of genetic change within a population, as influenced by natural selection.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, “obtained by digging”) is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological localhost:81es include bones, shells, exoskeletons, stone imprints of animals or microbes, objects preserved in amber, hair, petrified wood, oil, coal, and DNA remnants. The totality of fossils is known as the fossil record.
His position as curator of the museum gave him enough visibility to become highly influential on Danish archaeology. A well-known and well-liked figure, he explained his system in person to visitors at the museum, many of them professional archaeologists. They were terrible and strong, and the ghastly action of Ares was theirs, and violence.
The weapons of these men were bronze, of bronze their houses, and they worked as bronzesmiths. There was not yet any black iron. Hesiod knew from the traditional poetry, such as the Iliad , and the heirloom bronze artifacts that abounded in Greek society, that before the use of iron to make tools and weapons, bronze had been the preferred material and iron was not smelted at all.
He did not continue the manufacturing metaphor, but mixed his metaphors, switching over to the market value of each metal. Iron was cheaper than bronze, so there must have been a golden and a silver age. He portrays a sequence of metallic ages, but it is a degradation rather than a progression. Each age has less of a moral value than the preceding.
Oldest Human Fossils Outside Africa Push Back Our TimelineAgain – Dead Things : Dead Things
Alternating patterns of distinct laminae are commonly identified within glacial lake deposits and are generally interpreted in the following way: However, there is actually no empirical evidence to back the claim that varves form as annual deposits over extended periods of time. It appears then, that claiming a varve is an annual event is an assumption in itself; one steeped in uniformitarian thought, but not reality.
Geologists have known for quite some time that multiple laminae may form very rapidly. French creation scientist Guy Berthault performed groundbreaking laboratory experiments demonstrating that multiple laminations can form spontaneously when sediment mixtures consisting of particles of different sizes are deposited in air, running water, or still water.
Researchers find differences between ethnic groups living as farmers and those engaged in traditional hunter-gatherer activities. Scientists have long thought that the rate with which mutations occur in the genome does not depend on cultural factors.
These formations may have resulted from carcass burial in an anoxic environment with minimal bacteria, thus slowing decomposition. Stromatolites Lower Proterozoic stromatolites from Bolivia , South America Stromatolites are layered accretionary structures formed in shallow water by the trapping, binding and cementation of sedimentary grains by biofilms of microorganisms , especially cyanobacteria.
While older, Archean fossil remains are presumed to be colonies of cyanobacteria , younger that is, Proterozoic fossils may be primordial forms of the eukaryote chlorophytes that is, green algae. One genus of stromatolite very common in the geologic record is Collenia. The earliest stromatolite of confirmed microbial origin dates to 2. The most widely supported explanation is that stromatolite builders fell victims to grazing creatures the Cambrian substrate revolution , implying that sufficiently complex organisms were common over 1 billion years ago.
Factors such as the chemistry of the environment may have been responsible for changes. Cyanobacteria as well as extremophile Gammaproteobacteria are thought to be largely responsible for increasing the amount of oxygen in the primeval earth’s atmosphere through their continuing photosynthesis. Cyanobacteria use water , carbon dioxide and sunlight to create their food.
A layer of mucus often forms over mats of cyanobacterial cells. In modern microbial mats, debris from the surrounding habitat can become trapped within the mucus, which can be cemented by the calcium carbonate to grow thin laminations of limestone.
Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors
How does a global flood explain angular unconformities? These are where one set of layers of sediments have been extensively modified e. They thus seem to require at least two periods of deposition more, where there is more than one unconformity with long periods of time in between to account for the deformation, erosion, and weathering observed.
How were mountains and valleys formed? Many very tall mountains are composed of sedimentary rocks. The summit of Everest is composed of deep-marine limestone, with fossils of ocean-bottom dwelling crinoids [ Gansser, ].
As we move on down the line of the 10 most not-so-puzzling ancient artifacts, we come to the Ica localhost:81 are perhaps the most perplexing to me, since I don’t understand how anyone can look at these and think they are real.
Florin Gheorghita the idea was put forward that the bones found near the object in the same geological layer, would be mastodon bones. Director Gheorghe Lazarovici made some very important statements about this subject. According to his declarations, the bones found were from a species of hairy rhino. According to our data, the hairy rhino lived in our geographic area during the Pleistocene era 10, , years ago. This period was contemporary with the habitat of the Neanderthals. This interglacial period can be characterized with a pretty harsh climate, similar to the taiga and tundra.
This is extremely important. As a first conclusion, we can say just that the aluminum object comes from a geologica llayer of a periodin which human ancestors not only knew aluminum, but who also lived in the first period of the Paleolithic! Marian Pasla, retired engineer, closely examined the “object from Aiud”. He confirmed that a piece extracted from this object was examined by a laboratory in Lausanne Switzerland.
Swiss experts confirmed the composition of the object, which was the same as the one from Magurele. Also, they stated that the alloy did not fit in one of the “standard” alloys we use today. The alloy was defined as “weak”, not a durable aluminum, and that it has “designer angles”, which shows the artificial characteristic of the object.